Ring-Fencing of Rental Losses
The proposed loss ring- fencing rules will mean that speculators and investors with residential properties will no longer be able to offset tax losses from those properties against other income for example, salary, wages or business income to reduce their tax liability. The losses can be used in future years when the properties are making profits or if the person is taxed on the sale of land.
Under the current New Zealand tax setting, tax is applied on a person’s net income. We do not ring- fence income and losses from particular activities or investments. This means that there is generally no restriction on losses from one source reducing income from another source.
Investment housing is currently taxed under the same rules that apply to investments. This means that rents are income and interest and other expenses are deductible. Capital gains on sale of the property are not taxed unless the property is on revenue account ( for example, land dealer or developer)
Aim of the proposed changes
The introduction of loss ring –fencing rules is aimed at levelling the playing field between property speculators/investors and home buyers. Currently, investor’s particularly high geared investors have part of the costs of servicing mortgages subsidised by the reduced tax on their other income sources helping them to outbid owner occupiers for properties. Rules that ring fence residential property losses so they cannot reduce tax on other income , and is intended to help reduce this advantage and unfairness.
Types of properties subject to the rules
It is proposed that the loss- ring fencing will apply to residential land.
The rules will not apply on a person’s main home, a property that is subject to mixed assets rule for example a bach that is sometimes used privately and sometimes rented out and land that is on revenue account because it is held in a land related business.
It is suggested that the loss ring fencing rules should apply on a portfolio basis. That would mean that investors would be able to offset losses from one rental against rental income from other properties calculating their overall profit or loss across their potfolio.
Using ring fenced losses
Under the suggested changes, a person’s ring fenced residential rental or other losses from one year could be offset against their:
It is proposed that the loss ring fencing rules will apply from April 1, 2019 next year.
New Square Rate Option for Claiming Use of Home Claim Expense for 2018
A new method will be available for the 2017-18 and later income years to calculate the expenses you can claim for using your home as an office. This method will use rates that Inland Revenue will determine based on the average cost of utilities per square metre of housing, but excluding mortgage interest, rates and rent.
You will be able to claim a portion of the mortgage interest, rates and rental costs that you paid during the year based on the percentage of floor area being used for business purposes.
The square metre rate for the 2017 - 2018 income year is $41.10 per square metre.
You still need to give me your annual mortgage interest /rent but you don’t need to give me information on your utilities.
The Government has launched proposals for offshore suppliers of low-value goods to New Zealand consumers to collect and return GST on those goods. The Government is to close a loophole that gives offshore companies an advantage by not requiring them to collect GST on all goods sold to local consumers.
From 1 October 2019:
Offshore suppliers would be required to register, collect, and return New Zealand GST on goods valued at or below $400 supplied to New Zealand consumers.
The rules would apply when the good is outside New Zealand at the time of supply and is delivered to a New Zealand address.
Offshore suppliers would be required to register when their total supplies of goods and services to New Zealand exceed $60,000 in a 12-month period. In certain circumstances, marketplaces and re-deliverers may also be required to register.
Tariffs and border cost recovery charges would be removed from goods valued at or below $400.
The current processes for collecting GST and other duty at the border by Customs will continue to apply for goods valued over $400.
The current border processes for managing risks in relation to imported goods, including biosecurity assessment, will remain in place.
How will the proposed changes affect consumers?
GST will be charged at the point of sale when the value of the goods is $400 or less. In some cases consumers will pay more for their goods but in some cases goods will be cheaper because of the removal of Customs tariffs, border security fees and biosecurity cost recovery charges. There is no change to the tax treatment of goods valued above $400, where the current process for collecting GST and tariff duty at the border will continue.
The legislation introduced last year was designed to simplify and integrate tax processes with day-to-day business. The result is a new option for managing provisional tax through accounting software, the ‘Accounting Income Method’ (AIM), which will be available to start on April 17, 2018.
What is AIM ( Accounting Income Method)?
Accounting Income Method is a new provisional tax option for small businesses with annual turnover under $5 million.
How does it work?
MYOB, Reckon or Xero calculates the payment by using the information in your accounting software. The system will calculate provisional tax if your business is making profit. The calculation will include basic tax adjustments for depreciation, Shareholder Salary, Private Use expenditure, Debtors and Creditors, Provisions, Trading Stock and Prior Year Losses.
Two key benefits of Accounting Income Method
What are the other benefits of Accounting Income Method?
Use AIM if your business turnover is 5 million, growing and the sales are unpredictable or fluctuating.
Partnerships, Maori Authorities, Superannuation funds, Trusts and Portfolio Investment entities.
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